Resultado da pesquisa (5)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Canis familiaris

#1 - Clinical, endoscopic and histopathological evaluation of dogs with inflammatory bowel disease, 37(11):1287-1291

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Cascon C.M., Mello M.F.V., Leite J.S. & Ferreira A.M.R. 2017. [Clinical, endoscopic and histopathological evaluation of dogs with inflammatory bowel disease.] Avaliação clínica, endoscópica e histopatológica de cães com doença inflamatória intestinal. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(11):1287-1291. Departamento de Patologia e Clínica Veterinária, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brazil 64, Niterói, RJ 24230-340, Brazil. E-mail: anatopatovet@vm.uff.br The aim of this study was to evaluate macro and microscopic gastrointestinal mucosa of domiciled dogs, with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms by endoscopy and histopathological evaluation, correlating clinical signs, macro and microscopy characteristics/aspects/changes of duodenal and gastric mucosa. Twenty dogs of different breeds were evaluated with with chronic characteristic signs of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), being 7 males and 13 females, with ages ranging from 1.7 to 15.8 years old. The study was prospective and cross-sectional, conducted in dogs treated at the Teaching Veterinary Medicine Hospital of the Universidade Federal Fluminense (HUVET-UFF) and private clinics in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Gastroduodenal mucosal samples were obtained by endoscopic biopsy and were processed by routine histological technique and stained with hematoxylin- eosin and Giemsa. The samples were submitted to histopathological analysis for the detection of spiral bacteria suggestive of Helicobacter spp. The rapid urease test was also performed. The clinical signs, the macro and microscopic findings were compared and correlated. In this study, we established a positive correlation between weight loss and the presence of erythema in the antrum, body and duodenum as well as correlation between change in appetite and the presence of gastric inflammatory infiltrate and positivity in the urease test. This study demonstrated the importance of the observation of some clinical signs such as weight loss and appetite changes in the course of IBD. Thus, it is emphasized that dogs showing these clinical signs should have the IBD included in the differential diagnoses group avoiding thereby neglecting a disease that increasingly affects small animals.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Cascon C.M., Mello M.F.V., Leite J.S. & Ferreira A.M.R. 2017. [Clinical, endoscopic and histopathological evaluation of dogs with inflammatory bowel disease.] Avaliação clínica, endoscópica e histopatológica de cães com doença inflamatória intestinal. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(11):1287-1291. Departamento de Patologia e Clínica Veterinária, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brazil 64, Niterói, RJ 24230-340, Brazil. E-mail: anatopatovet@vm.uff.br O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar macro e microscopicamente a mucosa gastrintestinal de cães domiciliados, que apresentaram sinais gastrintestinais crônicos, por meio de exame endoscópico e da avaliação histopatológica. Os sinais clínicos, a macro e a microscopia das mucosas gástrica e duodenal foram correlacionados. Foram avaliados 20 cães de diferentes raças, sendo 7 machos e 13 fêmeas, com idade variando entre 1,7 a 15,8 anos, que apresentavam cronicidade dos sinais característicos da Doença Inflamatória Intestinal (DII). O estudo foi prospectivo e transversal, realizado em cães atendidos no Hospital Universitário de Medicina Veterinária da Universidade Federal Fluminense (HUVET - UFF) e em clínicas privadas do município do Rio de Janeiro. Amostras de mucosa gastroduodenal foram obtidas por meio de biópsia endoscópica e foram processadas por técnica histológica de rotina e coradas por Hematoxilina-Eosina e Giemsa. As amostras foram submetidas à análise histopatológica para pesquisa de bactérias espiraladas sugestivas de Helicobacter spp. O teste rápido da urease também foi realizado. Os sinais clínicos, e os achados macro e microscópicos foram confrontados e correlacionados. Neste estudo, foi possível estabelecer correlação positiva entre a perda de peso e a presença de enantema no antro, no corpo e no duodeno além de correlação entre alteração do apetite, a presença de infiltrado inflamatório gástrico e a positividade no teste da urease. Este estudo demonstrou a importância da observação de alguns sinais clínicos como a perda de peso e alterações do apetite no curso da Doença Inflamatória Intestinal. Desta forma, enfatiza-se que cães que apresentem tais sinais clínicos devem ter a Doença Inflamatória Intestinal incluída no grupo de diagnósticos diferenciais evitando, com isso, negligenciar uma enfermidade que, cada vez mais, acomete animais de pequeno porte.


#2 - Genotoxicity assessment of fipronil (frontline plus®) in Canis familiaris, 37(3):257-260

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Ziliotto L., Luna S.P.L., Filho D.A.A., Resende L.O., Aun A.G. & Braz M.G. 2017. Genotoxicity assessment of fipronil (frontline plus®) in Canis familiaris. [Avaliação de genotoxicidade do fipronil (frontline plus®) in cães.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(3):257-260. Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Avenida. Prof. Mário Rubens Guimarães Montenegro s/n, Botucatu, SP 18618-687, Brazil. E-mail: mgbraz@hotmail.com Fipronil is a pesticide widely used for controlling fleas and ticks in domestic animals, and its short-term exposure can lead to serious effects on animals. However, the possible genotoxic effect of this compound has not been investigated in target animals. Based on the hypothesis that fipronil can induce genotoxicity, this study evaluated the effect of fipronil on DNA damage in peripheral blood cells. For that purpose, ten dogs of both sexes were used in the study. The product (6.7mg/kg) was applied on the dorsal neck region of each animal. Peripheral blood samples were collected immediately prior to application of the product, and at 3, 8 and 24 hours after the application. Samples were processed for comet assay. No statistically significant differences were found among the four time points. The current study suggests for the first time that a single exposure to this pesticide does not induce systemic genotoxic effect in dogs.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Ziliotto L., Luna S.P.L., Filho D.A.A., Resende L.O., Aun A.G. & Braz M.G. 2017. Genotoxicity assessment of fipronil (frontline plus®) in Canis familiaris. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(3):257-260. Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Avenida. Prof. Mário Rubens Guimarães Montenegro s/n, Botucatu, SP 18618-687, Brazil. E-mail: mgbraz@hotmail.com O fipronil é um inseticida/herbicida amplamente utilizado para controle de pulgas e carrapatos em animais domésticos. Sua exposição a curto prazo tem acarretado efeitos deletérios em animais. Entretanto, o possível efeito genotóxico deste composto ainda não foi investigado em animais alvo. Baseando-se na hipótese de que o fipronil pode induzir genotoxicidade, o presente estudo avaliou o efeito deletério do fipronil no material genético de células de sangue periférico. Para isso, dez cães sadios, de ambos os sexos, foram utilizados neste estudo. O produto (6,7mg/kg) foi aplicado na região dorsal do pescoço de cada animal. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas imediatamente antes da aplicação do produto (controle) e após três, oito e 24 horas da aplicação. As amostras foram imediatamente processadas para condução do teste do cometa, a fim de se avaliar os danos basais no DNA. Não houve diferença significativa entre os quatro momentos de coleta em relação aos danos no material genético. O estudo sugere, pela primeira vez, que uma exposição única a este pesticida não induz efeito genotóxico sistêmico em cães.


#3 - Renal artery Triplex Doppler and the relationship between kidney ecobiometry with atlanto-coccyges distance (ACD) and height (H) in Canis familiaris, 29(10):809-815

Abstract in English:

RESUMO.- Santana E. Jr M., Beserra P.S., Brito A.B., Miranda S.A., Nikolak E. & Domingues S.F.S. 2009. [Renal artery Triplex Doppler and the relationship between kidney ecobiometry with atlanto-coccyges distance (ACD) and height (H) in Canis familiaris.] Triplex Doppler da artéria renal e a relação entre a ecobiometria dos rins com distância atlanto-coccígea (DAC) e altura (H) em Canis familiaris. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(10):809-815. Laboratório de Biologia e Medicina de Animais da Amazônia, Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Hernane Lameira 556, Castanhal, PA 68743-050, Brazil. E-mail: shfarha@ufpa.br O objetivo do trabalho foi estabelecer a relação entre a ecobiometria renal com medidas de conformação corporal como a distância atlanto-coccígea (DAC) e a altura (H) de cães adultos saudáveis, obtendo-se parâmetros de normalidade para avaliar o tamanho e volume renal, bem como estabelecer valores de referência para avaliar a perfusão sanguínea dos rins por meio do índice de resistividade (IR) e do índice de pulsatilidade (IP) do ramo principal da artéria renal. No estudo foram utilizados 22 cães adultos sem raça definida, sendo 11 machos e 11 fêmeas. Os animais foram previamente aferidos quanto a DAC e a H. Os exames ultra-sonográficos foram realizados com um aparelho HDI 4000 PHILIPS munido de um transdutor microconvexo multifreqüêncial (5-8 MHz), dispositivos Doppler Colorido e Doppler de Fluxo. Os animais foram posicionados em decúbito lateral direito ou esquerdo, de acordo com o rim a ser avaliado. Os diâmetros longitudinal (DL) e dorsoventral (DDV) dos rins foram mensurados na secção longitudinal e, o diâmetro transversal (DT) foi aferido no plano transversal. O volume (V) foi calculado automaticamente pelo software do ultra-som. Com o uso do Triplex Doppler, o IR e o IP das artérias renais direita e esquerda foram obtidos. Todos os dados foram apresentados em média ± EPM. Análises de regressão linear foram realizadas tendo o DL, DDV, DT e V como variáveis dependentes e a DAC e H como variáveis independentes. Os IR e IP dos rins direito e esquerdo foram comparados pelo teste t de Student. A DAC variou de 54-78cm para machos e 37-71cm para fêmeas e a altura variou entre 34-64 cm para os machos e 24-57cm para as fêmeas. As médias obtidas para DL, DDV, DT e V dos rins esquerdo e direito foram: 5,24±0,27cm, 3,07±0,15cm, 3,07±0,9cm, 28,01±3,4mL e 4,50±0,19cm, 2,88±0,14cm, 2,71±0,15cm, 21,27±2,6mL, respectivamente. As análises de regressão linear entre as medidas lineares e volume renal com a DAC e a H foram significativas para os interceptos e coeficientes de regressão (P<0,01). Houve diferenças estatísticas quando comparado os IR e IP entre os rins direito e esquerdo (P=0,001), sendo que as médias para IR e IP dos rins esquerdo e direito foram 0,62±0,08; 1,34±0,18 e 0,70±0,06; 1,62±0,13; respectivamente. Os dados obtidos no presente trabalho podem auxiliar na avaliação do tamanho, volume e perfusão dos rins de cães adultos.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Santana E. Jr M., Beserra P.S., Brito A.B., Miranda S.A., Nikolak E. & Domingues S.F.S. 2009. [Renal artery Triplex Doppler and the relationship between kidney ecobiometry with atlanto-coccyges distance (ACD) and height (H) in Canis familiaris.] Triplex Doppler da artéria renal e a relação entre a ecobiometria dos rins com distância atlanto-coccígea (DAC) e altura (H) em Canis familiaris. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(10):809-815. Laboratório de Biologia e Medicina de Animais da Amazônia, Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Hernane Lameira 556, Castanhal, PA 68743-050, Brazil. E-mail: shfarha@ufpa.br The aim of this paper was to establish the relation between the kidney ecobiometry with atlanto-coccyges distance (ACD) and height (H) in adult healthy dogs, to obtain normality parameters for assessment of renal size and volume, as well as establish reference values to evaluate kidney blood perfusion by the resistivity index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) of main renal artery. The study was applied at 22 adult dogs, 11 males and 11 females. Previously, the DAC and H of all animals were measured. For ultrasonographic examination, the ultra-sound system HDI 4000 PHILIPS equipped with a multi-frequency microconvex transducer, Color Doppler and Spectral Doppler devices was used. The animals were placed into right or left lateral decubitus position, in agreement with the kidney to be assessed. The longitudinal (LD) and dorsoventral diameters (DVD) of kidney were measured in longitudinal plane, and the transverse diameter (TD) was determined in transversal section. The renal volume (V) was automatically calculated by the ultrasound software. With Triplex Doppler, the RI and PI of right and left main renal arteries were obtained. All data were represented in mean ± SEM. Linear regression analyses were performed with renal LD, DVD, TD and V as dependent variable, and ACD and H as independent variable. RI and PI were compared between right and left renal arteries with Student’s t-test. The LD, DVD, TD (cm) and V (ml) mean measurements for the left and right kidneys were: 5.24±0.27, 3.07±0.15, 3.07±0.9, 28.01±3.4 and 4.50±0.19, 2.88±0.14, 2.71±0.15, 21.27±2.6. All regression analyses were significant for the intercept and regression coefficient (P<0.01). There were statistical differences on RI and PI means between right and left renal arteries (P=0.001). The RI and PI means of left and right renal artery obtained were: 0.62±0.08 and 1.34±0.18; 0.70±0.06 and 1.62±0.13. The data obtained in the present paper can be used as parameters for evaluation of the renal size, volume and perfusion in adult dogs.


#4 - Relação entre a biometria ultra-sonográfica em modo B do globo ocular e os diâmetros fronto occiptal e bizigomático em Canis familiaris, p.286-290

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Beserra P.S., Sales G.A., Santana E.J.M., Miranda S.A., Brito A.B., Nickolak E., Freitas V.V. & Domingues S.F.S. 2009. [B-Mode Ultrasound biometry of the ocular globe related with fronto-occiptal and bizigomatic diameters in Canis familiaris.] Relação entre a biometria ultra-sonográfica em modo B do globo ocular e os diâmetros fronto occiptal e bizigomático em Canis familiaris. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(4):286-290. Laboratório de Biologia e Medicina de Animais da Amazônia, Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Hernane Lameira n° 556, Castanhal, PA 68743-050, Brazil. E-mail: shfarha@ufpa.br In the experiment 31 healthy mongrel dogs, 8 months to 7 years of age, were used, 10 males and 21 females, weighing 1.5-28 kg. Initially, fronto-occipetal (FOD) and bizigomatic (BZD) diameters were measured using a caliper. The ophthalmologic transpalpebral B-mode ultrasonography (US) was performed to measure the internal ocular structures, as follows: The cornea thickness (D1), distance between cornea and anterior lens capsule (D2), distance between cornea and posterior lens capsule (D3), lens thickness (D4), lens diameter (D5), lens area (D6), distance between posterior lens capsule and retina (D7), distance between anterior lens capsule and retina (D8), and the distance between cornea and retina (D9). Except for D4, there were effect of FOD and BZD on the measures of the internal structures of GO. The Lineal Regression Analysis between the measures of the internal oculars structures and DFO and DBZ were significant for D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8 and D9.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Beserra P.S., Sales G.A., Santana E.J.M., Miranda S.A., Brito A.B., Nickolak E., Freitas V.V. & Domingues S.F.S. 2009. [B-Mode Ultrasound biometry of the ocular globe related with fronto-occiptal and bizigomatic diameters in Canis familiaris.] Relação entre a biometria ultra-sonográfica em modo B do globo ocular e os diâmetros fronto occiptal e bizigomático em Canis familiaris. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(4):286-290. Laboratório de Biologia e Medicina de Animais da Amazônia, Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Hernane Lameira n° 556, Castanhal, PA 68743-050, Brazil. E-mail: shfarha@ufpa.br In the experiment 31 healthy mongrel dogs, 8 months to 7 years of age, were used, 10 males and 21 females, weighing 1.5-28 kg. Initially, fronto-occipetal (FOD) and bizigomatic (BZD) diameters were measured using a caliper. The ophthalmologic transpalpebral B-mode ultrasonography (US) was performed to measure the internal ocular structures, as follows: The cornea thickness (D1), distance between cornea and anterior lens capsule (D2), distance between cornea and posterior lens capsule (D3), lens thickness (D4), lens diameter (D5), lens area (D6), distance between posterior lens capsule and retina (D7), distance between anterior lens capsule and retina (D8), and the distance between cornea and retina (D9). Except for D4, there were effect of FOD and BZD on the measures of the internal structures of GO. The Lineal Regression Analysis between the measures of the internal oculars structures and DFO and DBZ were significant for D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8 and D9.


#5 - Morphological analysis of the corneal endothelium in eyes of dogs using specular microscopy, p.427-430

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Pigatto J.A.T., Cerva C., Freire C.D., Abib F.C., Bellini L.P., Barros P.S.M. & Laus J.L. 2008. Morphological analysis of the corneal endothelium in eyes of dogs using specular microscopy. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(9):427-430. Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9090, Porto Alegre, RS 91540-000, Brazil. E-mail: pigatto@ufrgs.br Both healthy eyes of 10 six-year-old male and female mongrel dogs were studied. With a contact specular microscope the corneal endothelium was examined. Endothelial cells were analyzed in the central and peripheral cornea. Morphological analysis with regard to polymegathism and pleomorphism was performed. Three images of each region with at least 100 cells were obtained. The analysis showed that polygonal cells formed a mosaic-like pattern uniform in size and shape. The predominant number of cells was hexagonal. The polymegathism index was 0.22. The study demonstrates that the morphology of the normal corneal endothelial cells of dogs is similar to that found in the human cornea.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Pigatto J.A.T., Cerva C., Freire C.D., Abib F.C., Bellini L.P., Barros P.S.M. & Laus J.L. 2008. Morphological analysis of the corneal endothelium in eyes of dogs using specular microscopy. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(9):427-430. Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9090, Porto Alegre, RS 91540-000, Brazil. E-mail: pigatto@ufrgs.br Both healthy eyes of 10 six-year-old male and female mongrel dogs were studied. With a contact specular microscope the corneal endothelium was examined. Endothelial cells were analyzed in the central and peripheral cornea. Morphological analysis with regard to polymegathism and pleomorphism was performed. Three images of each region with at least 100 cells were obtained. The analysis showed that polygonal cells formed a mosaic-like pattern uniform in size and shape. The predominant number of cells was hexagonal. The polymegathism index was 0.22. The study demonstrates that the morphology of the normal corneal endothelial cells of dogs is similar to that found in the human cornea.


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