Year 2017 - Volume 37, Number 3

Retrospective analysis of cattle poisoning in Argentina (2000-2013), 37(3):210-214

ABSTRACT.- García J.A., Cantón G.J., García B.L., Micheloud J.F., Campero C.M., Späth E.J.A. & Odriozola E.R. 2017. Retrospective analysis of cattle poisoning in Argentina (2000-2013). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(3):210-214. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce (EEA), Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Ruta Nacional 226 Km 73,5, (7620) Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail:

A retrospective analysis (2000 to 2013) of cattle poisoning caused by toxic plants and other compounds was carried out in the Pampas region of Argentina by the Animal Health Group of INTA-EEA, Balcarce. During this period, 1263 reports of diseases of different etiologies (infectious, parasitic, toxic, metabolic and miscellaneous) were recorded in cattle, by collecting anamnestic, clinical and pathological information. A toxic etiology was diagnosed in 21.1% of these reports. Iatrogenic poisoning caused by ionophores was the most frequently recorded etiology. Consumption of toxic plants (Wedelia glauca, Solanum glaucophyllum, among others), mycotoxins (Claviceps purpurea, Claviceps paspali, Epichloë coenophiala, among others), and plants producing cyanide and nitrates/nitrites were also commonly diagnosed. The high frequency of toxic episodes and the difficulties in their diagnosis by practitioners in our livestock production systems emphasizes the importance of this report.
Download / View
Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior ISI Web of Knowledge SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online Banco de Dados Bibliográficos da USP UnB - Universidade de Brasília UFRRJ - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro CFMV - Conselho Federal de Medicina Veterinária